Nursing and Midwifery Replies: World at Risk Crowded Coasts. A combination of the two is often preferred as it means that you will have data which you have collected firsthand, as well as data which has been collected on a large scale. Check out the All Forums page. Calipers may be used to measure the length long axis of pebbles. Random sampling can be done by pulling names out of a hat, by using a random number table or a random number generator on a calculator. However, results may not be representative of the overall trend.

Turn on thread page Beta Toggle. River processes Paper 4: Except for Papers 1 theory and 2 map skills , you may also be required to sit for Paper 4. Each paper that I have seen so far, asks how survey collection methods can be improved. It is also possible to count day light hours, sunshine hours or cloud cover. The weight is read off from the scale and the total weight is subtracted from that of the plastic bag to find the weight of the rock. Secondary allows you to collect information from a larger sample or samples that would not usually be accessible to you, however it may be in the wrong format and contain too much materials.

This latter method is not as accurate because the table tennis ball will be slowed because igcse geography alternative to coursework friction with the air. We are from Bayport High School and for our geography classes we need to conduct a survey on …. Quadrats are also sometimes used for randomly selecting river load or beach material.

Know igcse geography alternative to coursework theory The most common topics covered in the alternative to practical exams are: A barometer has a movable needle pointer.

Systematic sampling is used to give a more representative result.

You can annotate and label them. Faith and Spirituality Replies: When recording changes in river depth, beach profile or changes in vegetation you may only take a sample every 5 metres. Possible topics and areas of study may include: It should be up to date.

Oceans and their Coastal Igcse geography alternative to coursework Hazards and disasters – risk assessment and response Freshwater – issues and conflicts Urban Environments.

Paper 4 igcse geography alternative to coursework alternative to coursework. In pairs you will be designing a booklet designed to address all of the above ‘areas you need to know’.

Tallies are usually used when doing counts because they are quick and simple. World at Risk Crowded Coasts. Flowmeters are used for measuring the velocity of water eg.

You can do this as a percentage or convert to oktas which is the normal measurement of cloud cover. You may not know the source of the data and the collection igcse geography alternative to coursework.

They are more accurate than field sketches They can be good for showing data collection techniques e. Once your chain has adopted the shape you can then pull the chain out of the river and measure its length. From past paers it seems it involves more knowledge about collecting info igcse geography alternative to coursework anything else Can anyone confirm this?

Any data that is personally collected by you this does not mean collecting off the internet. As a Geography student you will only have a limited amount of time and money to carry out your coursework. Measurement — When recording measurements, due consideration should be given to planning the layout of the recording sheet, the location of instruments and the sampling methods adopted to provide reliable data.

Normally this will be based on theory e. During your investigation you attempt to prove or disprove your hypothesis. This is particularly important on pages with many igcse geography alternative to coursework, diagrams, graphs or maps. Each paper that I have seen so far, asks how survey collection methods can be improved.

It is measured by recording the average depth and the wetted width. Follow 2 The mercury sits in the u-bend of the thermometer. Advantages of Photographs Disadvantages of Photographs They igcse geography alternative to coursework more accurate than field sketches They can be good for showing data collection techniques e.

Greenfieldgeography – IGCSE and GCSE Geography Coursework (Paper 4)

Maps, recording sheets, field sketches and annotated photographs may all be used to record candidate observations. To get an accurate angle, you normally take an up reading and a down reading. Humidity is the amount of moisture water vapour in the air. River processes Paper 4: The processing, presentation and analysis of data will be tested. Check out the All Forums page. igcse geography alternative to coursework

Air pressure is normally measured in millibars. To Calculate day light hours you need to record the time between sun rise and sun set. The two main types of sampling are; systematic and random. You will need to be able to: You can use a variety of primary and secondary data. Rainfall is normally measured igcse geography alternative to coursework millimetres.

You do igcse geography alternative to coursework by collecting relevant data, analysing it and drawing conclusion. Secondary allows you to collect information from a larger sample or samples that would not usually be accessible to you, however it may be in the wrong format and contain too much materials.

A quadrat is normally 50cm2 and divided into small squares. Have an area for the tally and an area to add up the total.